Email Icon - Elements Webflow Library - BRIX Templates

Subscribe to our weekly email newsletter!

Check - Elements Webflow Library - BRIX Templates
Thanks for joining our newsletter
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.

Understanding the Differences between Adjectives and Adverbs in Spanish and English

June 30, 2021


Learning a new language can be challenging, especially when it comes to grammar rules and usage of adjectives and adverbs. For native English speakers learning Spanish, it can be even more challenging since the two languages have distinct differences. However, mastering the use of adjectives and adverbs in Spanish can take your communication skills to the next level, allowing you to express yourself with clarity and precision. In this guide, we will explore the key differences between English and Spanish adjectives and adverbs and provide practical examples to help you understand and apply them correctly.

Adjectives of Nationality and Countries

In Spanish, adjectives of nationality are used to describe a person's country of origin. For example, "soy mexicano" (I am Mexican) or "ella es española" (she is Spanish). Adjectives of nationality are always lowercase in Spanish, unlike in English where they are capitalized. Additionally, Spanish often requires the use of definite articles with adjectives of nationality when referring to someone's profession. For example, "el escritor colombiano" (the Colombian writer).

Adjectives That Precede a Noun

In Spanish, adjectives usually come after the noun they describe, except for a few adjectives that precede the noun for emphasis or to change the meaning of the adjective. For example, "el viejo coche" (the old car) vs. "el coche viejísimo" (the extremely old car).

Irregular Comparatives and Superlatives

In English, comparatives and superlatives of adjectives are formed by adding -er or -est to the end of the adjective. However, in Spanish, comparatives and superlatives are irregular and must be memorized. For example, bueno (good) becomes mejor (better) and el mejor (the best).

Adverbs Formed with -mente

In Spanish, many adverbs are formed by adding -mente to the feminine form of an adjective. For example, "rápidamente" (quickly) is formed by adding -mente to "rápida" (quick). However, there are exceptions, such as "fácilmente" (easily) which is formed from the masculine adjective "fácil" (easy).

Adverbs of Time, Place, and Direction

In Spanish, adverbs of time, place, and direction are important for indicating the where, when, and how of an action. For example, "aquí" (here) indicates a specific location, while "ayer" (yesterday) indicates a specific time. "Adentro" (inside) and "fuera" (outside) are adverbs of direction that indicate the direction of movement.

Learning a new language can be challenging, but with the right tools and resources, it can also be fun and rewarding. At Speakable, we're committed to helping you achieve your language learning goals. With, you can ask AI to build you a speaking exercise tailored to your level of proficiency and interests. Whether you're looking to practice your adjectives and adverbs or any other aspect of Spanish grammar, our AI-powered exercises will help you gain confidence and proficiency in the language.

You can also try these speaking activities for free!

Create your free Account today to get started

Share on Twitter Share on Facebook Share on LinkedIn